Northern Pacific Railroad
Northern Pacific Railroad, Indian Treaty, Yellowstone River, Fort Rice, Stampede

Northern Pacific Railroad

    Northern Pacific Railroad was originally chartered by Josiah Perham in 1864 to run from Lake Superior (Duluth, Minnesota) to the Puget Sounds (Seattle, Washington), the Northern Pacific Railroad was stalled until 1869 when Jay Cooke took over financing of the Northern Pacific Railroad project

    Thirty nine million acres, the largest land grant to be given to a railroad was received by the Northern Pacific Railroad.   Through Montana and Idaho, the Northern Pacific Railroad received twice as much land as the Union Pacific Railroad the difference was Northern Pacific Railroad received no government loans

    Northern Pacific Railroad surveying and building clearly an boldly broke the 1868 Treaty with the Indians.    Northern Pacific Railroad surveying teams were antagonized by the Sioux Indians as they began surveying the Yellowstone river valley

    General George Armstrong Custer and the Seventh Cavalry escorted a Northern Pacific Railroad survey team of 373 men and 275 supply wagons to Yellowstone river valley from Fort Rice

     Jay Cooke, thinking of all the passengers and freight that would pay to ride his Northern Pacific Railroad did grandly supported the creation of Yellowstone National Park in 1872

    The firm, Jay Cooke and Company, failed in September 1873, due in part from being overextended with the building of the Northern Pacific Railroad and the inability to sale bonds abroad due to the depression world wide

    Bankrupt, the Stampede Panic of 1873 left the Northern Pacific Railroad with worthless bonds.     Northern Pacific Railroad used their North Dakota land grant holdings to pay off stockholders.       Near Fargo two Northern Pacific Railroad stockholders formed a twelve hundred acre farm called bonanza farm.    This farm did produced a one crop system

    In 1884, the railroad advertised their land at home and abroad in newspapers and with land agents.   Whole Scandinavian communities moved to the Dakotas which was known as Cooke's banana belt. Advertising the good life and prosperity, Northern Pacific failed to mention the winters

    The railroad did not build any bridges but instead ferried the trains over the Missouri River in the summer and laid rails directly on the ice in the winter

     When the railroad arrived in 1873 a little settlement along the Missouri River changed its name to Bismarck because the Northern Pacific Railroad was attempting to gain German immigrants to the area

    The strategy paid off as the Northern Pacific Railroad assisted in the decision that Bismarck and not Yankton should be the territory capital ten years later and in 1889, the state capital of North Dakota

    This transcontinental railroad, the Northern Pacific Railroad was finally completed in September of 1883, due in part to Henry Villard taking over the board of directors and becoming president in 1881. The traditional gold spike was driven in place at Independence Creek located approximately 60 miles west of Helena, Montana

    Due mainly to the influx of settlers from the Northern Pacific Railroad 's advertising campaign, in 1889, Montana, Washington, North Dakota and South Dakota became states

    In May, 1888 the Stampede Tunnel through the Cascade Mountains was completed. The Stampede Tunnel was two miles long.   Nelson Bennett gave the lowest bid and received the contract, the stipulation being that the Stampede Tunnel was to be completed in 28 months

   Beginning in February of 1886 and through insurmountable odds of weather, rock, terrain and despairing crews, the Stampede Tunnel was completed 7 days ahead of schedule for the Northern Pacific Railroad and Henry Villard

    In 1902, Northern Securities, owned by J.P. Morgan and Rockefeller, held control over the Northern Pacific Railroad and two other railroads which served the Northwest. In 1904, antitrust laws forced it to disband

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